Jury Trials

All of our lawyers are experienced trial attorneys. Reviewing the jury instructions for your case can inform you about the elements of the crime and also assist in exploring potential defenses. Our lawyers pride themselves on being the best prepared people in the courtroom when they go to trial. If you are facing a jury trial Contact us today for a free consultation.

INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE AND DURING TRIAL

Impaneling the Jury
Preliminary Instruction to Jury Before Trial
Alternate Preliminary Instruction to Jury Before Trial
Notetaking by Jurors
Questions to Witnesses from Jurors
Recordation of Proceedings
Lengthy Bench or Lobby Conferences
Separation of the Jury
Extraneous Publicity
Before a View
Multiple Defendants; Evidence Admitted Against One Defendant Only
Withdrawn Case Against Codefendant; Withdrawn Charges Against Defendant; Defendant’s Absence Midtrial

FINAL INSTRUCTIONS

GENERAL
Function of the Judge
Function of the Jury
Function of Counsel
Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof; Unanimity
Reasonable Doubt
Reasonable Doubt (Alternate Charge)
PDF
What Is Evidence; Stipulations; Judicial Notice
Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
Credibility of Witnesses
Lesser Included Offenses
Multiple Charges
Multiple Incidents or Theories in One Count (Specific Unanimity)
Joint Representation
Reprimand of Counsel
PDF
Pro Se Defendant; Discharge of Counsel
Announced Witness Does Not Testify
Reducing and Sending Out the Jury
Before and After Supplemental Instructions
When Jurors Cannot Agree
Seating of Alternate Juror
Taking the Verdict and Discharging the Jury
Imposing Sentence
[Chart of Potential Money Assessments]
Subsequent Offense (G.L. c. 278, § 11A)
[One-Prior-Offense Verdict Slip]
[Several-Prior-Offenses Verdict Slip]
DEFINITIONS AND PROOF
Inferences
Intent
Knowledge
License or Authority (G.L. c. 278, § 7)
Negligence
Operation of a Motor Vehicle
Possession
Presumption
Prima Facie Evidence
Public Way (G.L. c. 90, § 1)
EVALUATION OF EVIDENCE
Absent Witness
Admission by Silence
Child Witness
Confessions and Admissions (Humane Practice)
Consciousness of Guilt
Defendant Does Not Testify
Excluded Question; Stricken Evidence
Expert Witness
First Complaint
Impeachment by Prior Conviction of a Crime (G.L. c. 233, § 21)
Impeachment by Prior Inconsistent Statement; Rehabilitation by Prior Consistent Statement
Mug Shots
Omissions in Police Investigations
Other Bad Acts by Defendant
Prior Trial
Reputation of Defendant
Unrecorded Custodial Interrogation
OFFENSES
General
Accessory Before the Fact (G.L. c. 274, § 2)
Attempt (G.L. c. 274, § 6)
Compounding or Concealing a Felony (G.L. c. 268, § 36)
Conspiracy (G.L. c. 274, § 7)
Corporate Criminal Responsibility
Aiding or Abetting
Motor Vehicle Offenses
Attaching Wrong Plates to Conceal Identity (G.L. c. 90, § 23)
False Statement in License Application (G.L. c. 90, § 24 [2][a])
Homicide by a Motor Vehicle (Felony) (G.L. c. 90, § 24G [a])
Homicide by a Motor Vehicle (Misdemeanor) (G.L. c. 90, § 24G [b])
Leaving the Scene of an Accident (G.L. c. 90, §§ 24 [2][a] or [a½])
Operating After Suspension or Revocation of License (G.L. c. 90, § 23)
Operating an Uninsured Motor Vehicle (G.L. c. 90, § 34J)
Operating Negligently So As to Endanger (G.L. c. 90, § 24 [2][a])
Operating Recklessly (G.L. c. 90, § 24 [2][a])
Operating Under the Influence of Liquor or with .08% Blood Alcohol (G.L. c. 90, § 24 [1])
[Verdict Slip]
PDF
Operating Under the Influence of Drugs (G.L. c. 90, § 24 [1])
Operating Under the Influence Causing Serious Injury (G.L. c. 90, § 24L)
[Verdict Slip]
Operating Without Being Licensed (G.L. c. 90, § 10)
Refusal to Obey Police Officer (G.L. c. 90, § 25)
Road Racing (G.L. c. 90, § 24 [2][a])
Use of Vehicle Without Authority (G.L. c. 90, § 24 [2][a])
Offenses Against the Person
Affray (G.L. c. 277, § 39)
Assault (G.L. c. 265, § 13A[a])
[Verdict Slip]
Assault and Battery (G.L. c. 265, § 13A [a])
[Verdict Slip]
Assault and Battery Causing Serious Injury (G.L. c. 265, § 13A [b][i])
Assault and Battery on a Person Protected by an Abuse Prevention Order (G.L. c. 265, § 13A [b][iii])
Assault and Battery on a Pregnant Woman (G.L. c. 265, § 13A [b][ii])
Assault and Battery on a Police Officer or Public Employee (G.L. c. 265, § 13D) PDF
Assault and Battery on a Child under 14 Causing Bodily Injury (G.L. c. 265, § 13J [b][par. 1]) PDF
Wantonly or Recklessly Permitting Bodily Injury to a Child under 14 (G.L. c. 265, § 13J [b][par. 3][first part]) PDF
Wantonly or Recklessly Permitting Another to Commit an Assault and Battery on a Child under 14 Causing Bodily Injury (G.L. c. 265, § 13J [b][par. 3][second part]) PDF
Wantonly or Recklessly Permitting Substantial Bodily Injury to a Child under 14 (G.L. c. 265, § 13J [b][par. 4][first part]) PDF
Wantonly or Recklessly Permitting Another to Commit an Assault and Battery on a Child under 14 Causing Substantial Bodily Injury (G.L. c. 265, § 13J [b][par. 4][second part]) PDF
Assault and Battery by Means of a Dangerous Weapon (G.L. c. 265, § 15A[b])
[Verdict Slip]
ABDW Causing Serious Injury (G.L. c. 265, § 15A [c][i])
ABDW on a Child under 14 (G.L. c. 265, § 15A [c][iv])
ABDW on a Person Protected by an Abuse Prevention Order (G.L. c. 265, § 15A [c][iii])
ABDW on a Pregnant Woman (G.L. c. 265, § 15A [c][ii])
Custodial Interference by Relative (G.L. c. 265, § 26A)
Indecent Assault and Battery (G.L. c. 265, § 13H)
Indecent Assault and Battery on a Child Under Fourteen (G.L. c. 265, § 13B)
Reckless Endangerment of a Child under 18 (G.L. c. 265, § 13L)
Enticing a Child under 16 (G.L. c. 265, § 26C)
Abuse-Related Offenses
Annoying and Accosting Persons of the Opposite Sex (G.L. c. 272, § 53)
Civil Rights Violations (G.L. c. 265, § 37)
Criminal Harassment (G.L. c. 265, § 43A)
Harassing or Obscene Telephone Calls (G.L. c. 269, § 14A)
Stalking (G.L. c. 265, § 43)
Threat to Commit Crime (G.L. c. 275, §§ 2-4)
Violation of an Abuse Prevention Order (G.L. c. 209A, § 7)
Violation of a Harassment Prevention Order (G.L. c. 258E, § 9)
Public Order Offenses
Bail Jumping (G.L. c. 276, § 82A)
Common Nightwalker (G.L. c. 272, § 53)
Deriving Support from Earnings of a Prostitute (G.L. c. 272, § 7)
Disorderly Conduct (G.L. c. 272, § 53)
Disseminating Obscene Matter; Possession with Intent to Disseminate Obscene Matter (G.L. c. 272, § 29)
Disturbing the Peace (G.L. c. 272, § 53)
Escape (G.L. c. 268, § 16)
Failing to Register as a Sex Offender (G.L. c. 6, § 178H)
False Report of a Crime (G.L. c. 269, § 13A)
Fighting Animals (G.L. c. 272, § 94)
Giving False Name upon Arrest (G.L. c. 268, § 34A)
Illegal Lottery (G.L. c. 271, § 7)
Indecent Exposure (G.L. c. 272, § 53)
Intimidating a Witness, Juror, Court Official or Law Enforcement Officer (G.L. c. 268, § 13B)
Lewd, Wanton and Lascivious Act (G.L. c. 272, § 53)
Open and Gross Lewdness and Lascivious Behavior (G.L. c. 272, § 16)
Possession of Fireworks (G.L. c. 148, § 39)
Registering Bets (G.L. c. 271, § 17)
Resisting Arrest (G.L. c. 268, § 32B)
Sexual Conduct for a Fee (G.L. c. 272, § 53A)
Unnatural and Lascivious Act (G.L. c. 272, § 35)
Use of Telephone for Betting (G.L. c. 271, § 17A)
Firearms and Weapons Offenses
Carrying a Firearm (G.L. c. 269, § 10 [a])
Possession of a Firearm (G.L. c. 2699, § 10 [h])
Defacing Firearm Serial Number; Receiving a Firearm with a Defaced Serial Number (G.L. c. 269, § 11C)
Possession of Firearm with Defaced Serial Number during Felony (G.L. c. 269, § 11B)
Carrying Certain Dangerous Weapons (G.L. c. 269, § 10 [b])
Carrying a Dangerous Weapon When Arrested (G.L. c. 269, § 10 [b])
Drug Offenses
Distribution of a Controlled Substance; Possession with Intent to Distribute a Controlled Substance (G.L. c. 94C, §§ 32-32D)
Possession of a Controlled Substance (G.L. c. 94C, § 34)
Sale of Drug Paraphernalia; Possession with Intent to Sell Drug Paraphernalia (G.L. c. 94C, § 32I)
[Definition of “Drug Paraphernalia” (G.L. c. 94C, § 1)]
School Zone Drug Violation (G.L. c. 94C, § 32J)
Property Offenses
Breaking and Entering (G.L. c. 266, § 16)
Burning Insured Property (G.L. c. 266, § 10)
Burning Personal Property, Motor Vehicle, etc. (G.L. c. 266, § 5)
Forgery (G.L. c. 267, §§ 1-8)
Possession of Burglarious Tools (G.L. c. 266, § 49)
Theft, Purchase, Receipt, Possession or Concealment of Stolen Motor Vehicle; Malicious Damage to Motor Vehicle; Stealing Parts from Motor Vehicle Taken Without Authority; Concealing Motor Vehicle Thief (G.L. c. 266, § 28)
Trespass (G.L. c. 266, § 120)
Uttering (G.L. c. 267, §§ 5-6)
Wanton Destruction of Property (G.L. c. 266, § 127)
Wilful and Malicious Destruction of Property (G.L. c. 266, § 127)
Wilful or Wanton Destruction of House of Worship, Cemetery or School (G.L. c. 266, § 127A)
Larceny Offenses
Fraudulent Insurance Claim (G.L. c. 266, § 111A)
Identity Fraud by Posing as Another (G.L. c. 266, § 37E [b])
Identity Fraud by Obtaining Personal Information (G.L. c. 266, § 37E [c]
Larceny by Check (G.L. c. 266, § 37)
Larceny by Embezzlement (G.L. c. 266, § 30)
Larceny by False Pretenses (G.L. c. 266, § 30)
Larceny by Stealing (G.L. c. 266, § 30)
[Verdict Slip]
Larceny by Stealing in a Building (G.L. c. 266, § 20)
Larceny from the Person (G.L. c. 266, § 25 [b])
Larceny of Leased or Rented Personal Property (G.L. c. 266, § 87)
Receiving Stolen Property (G.L. c. 266, § 60)
Shoplifting (G.L. c. 266, § 30A)
Unauthorized Transfer of Sound Recordings (G.L. c. 266, § 143A)
DEFENSE AND JUSTIFICATION
Accident
Alibi
Entrapment
Identification
Intoxication with Alcohol or Drugs
Lack of Criminal Responsibility
Mental Impairment Short of Insanity
Necessity or Duress
Self-Defense; Defense of Another; Defense of Property